Myocarditis Causing Heart Failure

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Sarah Kamaluddin


A transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) and electrocardiogram (ECG) were ordered for a 25-year-old male Caucasian patient. The indication for the test stated shortness of breath and the sensation of a racing heart. The TTE uncovered severely reduced left ventricular systolic function, evidence of diastolic dysfunction, right side dysfunction, bi-atrial enlargement, moderate mitral regurgitation, and mild tricuspid regurgitation. In addition, the ECG revealed sinus tachycardia. Upon analysis of these findings and further investigation into the patient’s clinical history, the supervising cardiologist determined probable viral myocarditis causing heart failure.

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